“Vermi” meaning in relation to worms, and “composting” refers to the process of decomposing and breaking down natural organic material. In turn produces humus as an end product, a nutrient rich fertiliser that is beneficial in agriculture and gardening. Putting them together, vermicomposting is the harnessing of worms abilities (specifically earthworms) to aid the decomposition of organic material into fertiliser (vermicompost).
How is vermicomposting important and what are some of its benefits? Firstly, vermicomposting is an environmentally friendly approach to waste management as compared to traditional methods like incineration. Additionally, vermicompost is increasingly being used as an alternative form of fertiliser, in replacement of commercial synthetic fertilisers. Research has found that on top of the similar benefits to plants that both vermicompost and commercial fertilisers provide, vermicompost could be more beneficial in the long run to soil structure and health, whereas synthetic fertilisers could leave soil chemically deficient. Additionally, the use of commercial synthetic fertilisers has been known to contribute towards the emissions of greenhouse gases, such as methane and carbon dioxide, into the environment, exacerbating global warming and climate change, making the use of vermicompost an overall more suitable form of fertiliser.
To learn how you can start vermicomposting, head down to our workshop this weekend where you will learn how you can start a low maintenance vermicomposting bin and walk home with a learning kit too.
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